Annals of Colorectal Research

Published by: Kowsar

Anal Sphincter Tears During Vaginal Delivery: A New Challenging Problem for the Health System in Iran

Alimohammad Bananzadeh 1 and Mohammad Yasin Karami 1 , 2 , *
Authors Information
1 Department of Surgery, Colorectal and Laparoscopy Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran
2 Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran
Article information
  • Annals of Colorectal Research: December 01, 2016, 4 (4); e39490
  • Published Online: September 19, 2016
  • Article Type: Letter
  • Received: September 4, 2016
  • Accepted: September 10, 2016
  • DOI: 10.17795/acr-39490

To Cite: Bananzadeh A, Karami M Y. Anal Sphincter Tears During Vaginal Delivery: A New Challenging Problem for the Health System in Iran, Ann Colorectal Res. 2016 ; 4(4):e39490. doi: 10.17795/acr-39490.

Copyright © 2016, Colorectal Research Center and Health Policy Research Center of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
Footnote
References
  • 1. Sultan AH, Kamm MA, Hudson CN, Thomas JM, Bartram CI. Anal-sphincter disruption during vaginal delivery. N Engl J Med. 1993; 329(26): 1905-11[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Fenner DE, Genberg B, Brahma P, Marek L, DeLancey JO. Fecal and urinary incontinence after vaginal delivery with anal sphincter disruption in an obstetrics unit in the United States. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003; 189(6): 1543-9[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

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