Anal Sphincter Tears During Vaginal Delivery: A New Challenging Problem for the Health System in Iran

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Article Notes and Dates
To Cite : Bananzadeh A, Karami M Y. Anal Sphincter Tears During Vaginal Delivery: A New Challenging Problem for the Health System in Iran, Ann Colorectal Res. 2016 ;4(4):e39490. doi: 10.17795/acr-39490.
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References
  • 1. Sultan AH, Kamm MA, Hudson CN, Thomas JM, Bartram CI. Anal-sphincter disruption during vaginal delivery. N Engl J Med. 1993; 329(26): 1905-11[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Fenner DE, Genberg B, Brahma P, Marek L, DeLancey JO. Fecal and urinary incontinence after vaginal delivery with anal sphincter disruption in an obstetrics unit in the United States. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003; 189(6): 1543-9[DOI][PubMed]
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