Annals of Colorectal Research

Published by: Kowsar

Risk Factors for Anal Cancer

Faramarz Pakravan 1 , * and Katja Wolff 1
Authors Information
1 Coloproktologisches Center (CPZ) Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany
Article information
  • Annals of Colorectal Research: September 1, 2014, 2 (3); e21533
  • Published Online: September 30, 2014
  • Article Type: Letter
  • Received: June 25, 2014
  • Accepted: June 26, 2014
  • DOI: 10.17795/acr-21533

To Cite: Pakravan F, Wolff K. Risk Factors for Anal Cancer, Ann Colorectal Res. 2014 ; 2(3):e21533. doi: 10.17795/acr-21533.

Copyright © 2014, Colorectal Research Center and Health Policy Research Center of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 1. Simpson JA, Scholefield JH. Diagnosis and management of anal intraepithelial neoplasia and anal cancer. BMJ. 2011; 343[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Wexler A, Goldstone SE, et al. . Invasive anal squamous-cell carcinoma in the HIV-positive patient:outcome in the era of highly active retroviral therapy. Dis Colon Rectum Mar. 2014; 57(3): 316-23
  • 3. Fraunholz IB, Haberl A, Klauke S, Gute P, Rodel CM. Long-term effects of chemoradiotherapy for anal cancer in patients with HIV infection: oncological outcomes, immunological status, and the clinical course of the HIV disease. Dis Colon Rectum. 2014; 57(4): 423-31[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .
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